The Deluding of Gylfi

Primary Sources

  • Oxford: Bodleian Library. Marshall 114. 1639. Handcopied paper manuscript.

Secondary Sources

  • Cleasby, Richard and Vigfússon Guðbrandur. An Icelandic-English Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957. Print.
  • Pétursson, Einar G. Eddurit Jóns Guðmundssonar lærða. Reykjavik: Stofnun Árna Magnússonar á Íslandi, 1998. Print.
  • Simek, Rudolf. Angela Hall. Dictionary of Northern Mythology. W Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer, 2007. Print.
Jón Guðmundsson (is.)
Gudmundsson, Jon (en.)
b. 1574
d. 1658
Nationality: Icelandic
Jón was a layman who was also known as Jón lærði (i.e. "the learned"). He was a scribe, poet, and scholar. He made a copy of the Gylfaginning section of Edda manuscript now known as DG 11 4to before Bishop Brynjólfur Sveinsson sent it to Denmark in 1639. The copy that Jón made became known as Marsh. 114 when it was acquired by the manuscript collector Thomas Marshall and taken to Oxford in 1690.
Gylfi (non.)
A king in Ynglinga Saga, the first saga in Heimskringla, who promises Gefjon a ploughshare of land. He plays a much larger role in Snorri's Edda when he decides to try and discover if Óðinn and his followers are men or gods.
Gangleri (non.)
This is the name that King Gylfi used when he went to question Óðinn, and the men who came with him from Asia, to see if they were gods or sorcerers. It is also one of the many names of Óðinn that are known as Óðins heiti.
Óðinn (non.)
Odin (en.)
The chief god of the Æsir in The Prose Edda. However, in Heimskringla he is a mortal who tricks the King of Sweden into believing that he is a god.
Þriði (non.)
Third (en.)
This is one of Óðinn´s many names that are collectively known as Óðins heiti. Þriði means Third.
Jafnhárr (non.)
Just-as-high (en.)
This is one of Óðinn´s many names that are collectively known as Óðins heiti. Jafnhárr means Just-as-High.
Hárr (non.)
High (en.)
This is one of Óðinn´s many names that are collectively known as Óðins heiti.
Snorri Sturluson (is.)
b. 1179
d. 1241
Nationality: Icelandic
Snorri was an Icelandic statesman, scholar, and author who is credited with writing Heimskringla, The Prose Edda, and possibly Egil's Saga.
Gylfaginning Deluding of Gylfi This myth is part of the story that Snorri uses to frame one of the three sections of his Edda and is an essential part of his attempt to use euhemerization as an explanation for the origin of the belief in pagan gods.
Prose Edda Snorri Sturluson's thirteenth-century prose work concerning Old Norse mythology and poetics.
Marsh. 114 Jón Lærði Guðmundsson made this copy of the Gylfaginning portion of The Prose Edda in the fourteenth-century manuscript Codex upsaliensis (DG 11) in 1638 at the request of Bishop Brynjólfur Sveinsson. Jón's copy is known as Marshall 114 and is now in the collection of the Bodleian Library in Oxford, England.